For more than ten years, Binta Robinson has served as a former patent examiner in biotechnology for the United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO). An agency within the Department of Commerce that assumes responsibility for the issue of patents to businesses and inventors for their products and intellectual property, the USPTO is headquartered in Alexandria, Virginia and maintains a total employee roster of nearly 10,000 federal workers. Patent law as a discipline traces its roots back hundreds of years to Medieval Europe.